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f,djla ji`. l< f,aLlhd uelaisï f.da¾ls
Nov 23, 2016
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fudavhdg kqjK ,nd.kak ´fk kï iqÿiq fmd;a lshjkak ´fk' ishÆ fmd;a lshjkak ´fka' kqU fmd;a lshjdmka' f;areï .kak neßkï y;amdrla lshjdmka' ta;a f;areï .kak neßkï fodf<dia mdrla lshjdmka' fmd;aj, .; hq;= foa ;sfhkjd' fmd;a lshkafka fndre mqyq foag fkfjhs'"

 

oi yeúßÈ úfha§ ñysmsg ;ukag we;s tl u iïm;a jk uj;a mshd;a wysñ ùu ;rï ÿlaLodhl fohla orejl=g ;j;a we;s o@ ta wysñ ùu ;=< yqr;,a <udúh Wÿrd.;a ta is;g fudkjd kï isf;kakg weoao@

 

kEhl=f.a f.or fndahs fldÆjl= jYfhka o" kejl ms`.ka fldamam fidaokakl= jYfhka o" lvhl wdjf;ajlrejl= f,iska o" foaj rEm iqrejï mdg lrk ;ekl w;a Wojqldrhl= f,i o" fílßhl mdka mqÆiaikakl= f,i o úúO ÿlaL mSvdjkag uqyqK foñka orejl= Ôú;h /l .ekSug l< hqo je§ul wjidkfha ks¾udKh ù ;snqfKa f,djla ji`. l<" f,djla wdorh lrk iodkqiaur"h uyd .;al;=jrfhls'

 

iudcfha h:d¾:h idys;Hfhka weg f,a uia kyrj,g oefkkakg mEk yeisrjQ fudyq wef,lafihs uelaisfudúÉ fmIafldõ kï fõ' 1868 ud¾;= 28 jeks Èk reishdfõ fjd,a.d .`. wi, msysá ksIaks fkdõf.dfrdoa kue;s m%foaYfha§ fï orejd Wmkafka h' Tyqg jhi wjqreÿ y;f¾§ fld,rd jix.;hg yiqjQ ;u mshdf.a ieureï muKla ;u Ôú; l;d fmdf;a b;sß lrkakg ;rï ffojh l=ßre ùu fudk ;rï widOdrK o lshd wikakg isf;k ;rï h' t;lska fkdkej;=Kq fmIafldõ fmdä orejdf.a ffojh Tyqg hka;ï jhi wjqreÿ 10 ‍imsfroa§ ish uj o Tyqf.ka Wÿrd .;af;a h'

 

t;eka mgka l=ßre .;s we;s ;u iShdf.a .%yKfhka ñfokakg neß jQ fmIafldõ orejdg wysñ wdorh;a fifkyi;a mEfõ ;u wdÉÑ wïud h' tfy;a fkdis;+ whqßka ;u iShdf.a wdodhï ud¾.h o wvd< ùfuka ;=kajeks mka;shg muKla ;u mdi,a wOHdmkh iSud lrkakg Tyqg isÿ úh'

 

t;eka mgka fmr mejiQ wkaofï úúO /lshd lrñka Ôú; fk!ld iqlaldku tl tl w;g yerjQ fï orejdg iauqß kï fldalshd ^kejl ms`.ka fidaokakl= f,i fmIafldõ fiajh lroa§ yuq jQ& fmd;a flfrys wdl¾IKh we;s lrkakg m%n, idOlhla úh' tod Tyqf.a wjjdoh wkqj l%shd l< fmIafldõg wjidkfha w;a yßkakg neß weíneys ùula ;rugu lshùu m;a úh'

 

jhi wjqreÿ 14 fjoa§ Tyq yrj;a fmd;a m;a lshùug;a iudc isß;a úß;a flfrys wjOdkfhka isg ta i|yd yev .eiSug;a mqreÿ mqyqKq úh' bkamiq tf;la lrf.k wd /lshdj,g iuq § 1884 § fmIafldõ lidka k.rhg .sfhah' ta ia:dk udrej;a iu`. Tyq úma,jjd§ ixúOdkhlg o ne÷fKa h' tjlg reishdj md,kh l< id¾ rcq ;ykï lr ;snQ ÿ¾,N fmd; m; lshjkakg Tyqg wjia:dj ,enqfKa kjd;eka f.k isá ia:dkfha isá verka fldama ys;j;d ksid u h'

 

b;d ÿIalr j wd .uka u`.l wfkal w;aoelSï we;s ksidu Tyq ;u wism; lr.;a mEk Tijkq ,enqfõ ks¾ok mka;s úma,jh Wfoiduh' lidka k.rfha § úma,jjd§ ixúOdkhlg ne£ lghq;= lrñka isàfï m%;sM,hla f,i 1889 § Tyq isr ndrhg .kq ,enqfõ h'

 

jeys ,sysKshd" bfi¾.S,a ueye,a," rdcd,s .S;h" tñ,ahdka ms,ahdhs" Ñ,aldIa wdÈ m%lg l;d /ila ,shQ fudyq 1892 § ,uld¾ jqoard, kï lD;sh ,sùfuka miq reishdfõ u m%p,s; whl= njg m;a úh'

 

"wïud w;S;hg jefoñka" ;u w÷re ;reK ld,h .s,S .sh jo ysxid j,ska msÍ ta mska;+rh jvd;a .eUqre f,i weo fmkajQjdh'"

 

lïlrejka fjkqfjka fmkS isáñka ;u Ôú;fha uyÆ ld,h f.jk wïud flkl= .ek iudc W;af;ackh we;s lrjñka" uq¿ f,djla wo;a uy by<ska w.h lrk wïud kï ta lD;sh ,shQ fï uyd .;al;=jrhd wfkll= fkdj ulaiSï f.da¾ls h'

 

ulaisï f.da¾ls hk wkaj¾: kdufhka to;a wo;a fyg;a uq¿ uy;a f,dalh u l;d lrk fï wef,lafihs uelaisfudúÉ fmIafldõf.a m<uqjeks iïNdjkSh kjl;dj 1889 § m< úh' th "fmdud .¾foahõ" kï úh'

 

úisjk ishjfia§ f.da¾ls kdgH lsysmhla u ,sjQfha h' tajd kï" m;=<" .sïydkfha ñksiaiq" ysref.a <uhs" y;=frda" wdÈ f,i h' tod reishddfõ meje;s iudc me,eka;sh .ek fï l;=jrhd wjfndaOd;aul j l%shdYS,S f,i ;u u;h iudc.; lrk úg tod meje;s md,k ;ka;%hg th ndOdjla t,a, fj;ehs is;+ md,k mka;sh ndrj isá id¾ wdKavqj 1898 isg lsysm wjia:djla u fï .;a l;=jrhd isr wviaishg m;a lrk ,§'

 

tfy;a fï lsisjlska Tyqf.a foaYmd,k yd ks¾udKd;aul Èúhg jeglvqÆ n¢kakg lsisfjla iu;a fkdjQy' reishdfõ m<uqjk úma,j iuh jQ 1905 § f.da¾ls yg "ù whs f,kska" uqK .eisK' t;eka mgka fudjqka fofokd iqyo ñ;=rka úh' th f.da¾lsf.a ks¾ok mka;s ms<sn| ,sùfï yelshdjg uy;a iúhla jkakg we;ehs isf;a'

 

tod tkï 1905 úma,jfhka miq úfoaY.; jk f.da¾ls ;u ks¾udK Èúh o foaYmd,k Èúh o iunrj Èúh mqrd lrf.k hEug iu;a úh'

 

uefrk fudfyd; f;la tkï j¾I 1936 jk f;la fidaúhÜ f,aLl ix.ufha m%Odk f,alï ;k;=r fynjQ fï uyd .;a l;=jrhd iod fkduefrk whl= f,i wog;a yoj;a fidrdf.k we;'